Ikorongo Game Reserve
Ikorongo Game reserve was gazetted in 1994 and is situated in Mara Region on the North western side of the Serengeti National Park. It covers an area of 3,000 km2 and is contiguous to the Serengeti National Park together forming larger Serengeti Masai Mara ecosystem which experience the famous wildebeest migration. Bangwesi hill (1634m a.s.l) is the highest point in the reserve where one can comfortably watch the wildebeest migration while at the peak.
The reserve experiences two seasons. Long rains are in March to May while short rains occur in September to December. Maximum temperature range from 27-28oC in October to March and minimum temperature is 13c October and January to February.
The dominant tree species include Acacia tortillis, Acacia drepanolodum and Acacia robusta. Others are Grewia bicolor. Commiphora spp. Acacia spp and Balanitis aegyptica. Species like Acacia polycantha, Numphae lotus and grass species like cypesushumensus are found in the riverine forest along with the parasitic plant species growing on Acacia spp and Combretum spp.
The reserve has a number of wildlife species including, wildebeest, and zebra, buffalo, Thomson and grant gazelle. Other animal common to the reserve include Roan and Sable antelopes, black and white colobus monkey, lion, African Elephant, Giraffe, Warthog, Impala, Topi, Eland and bushbuck. The Ikorongo is also an important feeding and roosting ground for African- Eurasian Migratory water birds. Other common birds are Ostriches, Eagles, Marabou Stock, Crowned Cranes, Guinea Fowl, and lesser bustard, Secretary Bird, Ground Hornbill and Kori Bustards.
Ikorongo Game Reserve can easily be accessed by road from Serengeti National Park, Mugumu Township (Proximately 1hr 45min drive) and by air from Arusha to Seronera and Forty Ikoma Airstrip (Approximately 1hr 30min flight).