Wildlife utilization includes consumptive and non-consumptive types of utilization as per Wildlife Policy of Tanzania of 2007 and the Wildlife Conservation Act No.5 of 2009.
Tanzania boasts of approximately a total of 264,600 km2 of wildlife protected area network, comprised of National Parks, Game Reserves, Ngorongoro Conservation Area and Game Controlled Areas. This network forms the basis for the tourism industry, through both consumptive and non consumptive wildlife utilization.
Consumptive wildlife utilization refers to a form of wildlife utilization which does include taking-off of wildlife. This form of wildlife utilization entails activities such as Tourist hunting, Resident hunting, live animal trade, Wildlife farming; ranching; Game sanctuary and Zoo.
Non-consumptive wildlife utilization refers to a form of wildlife utilization which does not include taking-off of wildlife. This form of wildlife utilization entails recreational and commercial activities such as commercial photographing/filming/cinematograph, rafting, canoeing and balloon flight, camping (in established camp site, special camp site or fly camp site), game viewing, sport fishing, motor boat safari and night game drive.